Focus on Children's Health
Dr. Baker continued her efforts on behalf of public health as an advocate for the sanitation of milk and the welfare of children in the city. As director of the Bureau of Child Hygiene, she developed the use of milk stations, where pasteurized milk was provided to families as an alternative to the often tainted milk commercially sold. In addition to pasteurized milk, she introduced the use of infant formula. Thanks for her innovations, mortality rates for children dropped more than 40 percent between the years 1908 and 1914. Dr. Baker’s efforts to secure the public health of children led to the establishment of the United States Children’s Bureau in 1912, bringing her successful local approach to the entire nation.